The foundation of your home would be considered as the most crucial part of the entire house. It carries the responsibility of shouldering the entire load weight of your home. Having a problem with the foundation can cause damage to your home, lessen its value and puts your safety at risk.
Oftentimes, foundation maintenance is overlooked especially when there are no visible structural problems. Together with your regular maintenance checks, it is crucial to include regular check for signs of foundation deterioration. One vital sign that there is foundation problem is when there are cracks in the basement. Other signs may be cracks in walls, misaligned doors and windows, ceiling & wall or floor gaps, out of level or cracked floors, corner trim separation and a sagging roofline.
When you do find these problems, it is best to get the expert advice of a foundation expert such as a foundation repair contractor or foundation engineer to find out the cause of the foundation damage. Seasonal soil movement, non-compacted fill, poor construction, poor site drainage or plumbing leaks may be causing the foundation cracks. These expert professionals can find out the source of damage and recommend the best possible solution for foundation repair. Shotcrete wall contractors
Repair options for a damaged foundation as well as the cost for doing the repair would depend on the cause of the damage. One of the most expensive foundation repair solution is exterior work. This is done by excavating and exposing the foundation walls and installing waterproofing membranes to prevent water from seeping into the foundation cracks and causing further damage. Such type of work would take several days, make use of a backhoe, require a large vacant area for the excavation and destroy the landscaping surrounding your home.
More common and less expensive foundation repair work is done in the interiors. Urethane foam injection has been used for almost two decades to prevent water from entering cracks. This concrete crack repair work will be done by a technician indoors by injecting the crack with urethane with a high bonding strength that cannot be broken by dissolved salts in the concrete foundation. When urethane encounters water that is already present in the crack or placed by the repair technician in the crack, it will foam up and increase its volume to fully fill up the whole crack. Repair work would generally take one hour per crack.
Another type of interior foundation repair work is using carbon fiber reinforcement staples and quick-thickening epoxy injection polymer especially if the cause of damage is structural in nature. The fiber staples increase tensile strength while the epoxy glues back the concrete together. Wall anchors are also used to repair cracks in bowed or bent basement walls that can bring in water to ruin the foundation. Steel anchor rods are inserted through the wall and anchored outside while steel wall plates will anchor the rods to the indoor wall.
These are just some of the foundation repair techniques that are available. Again, the first thing you should do is call in an expert who will not only do assessment jobs but can also do the foundation repair work as well as other necessary house works such as a driveway repair. Not only will he give you the best solution, he will save you considerable time and money which you will incur if you encounter failures with do-it-yourself solutions.